[10] James Angleton, membre de la CIA, a participé aux opérations du stay-behind en Europe. Although often called a conservative, Mr. Aron could also be described as a liberal in the tradition of Toqueville, the 19th-century French statesman and political thinker. Raymond Aron’s most popular book is The Opium of the Intellectuals. En France, Raymond Aron, grand rival de Jean-Paul Sartre - alors cryptocommuniste -, et les principaux collaborateurs de la revue Preuves en étaient les … In 1930, he received a doctorate in the philosophy of history from the École Normale Supérieure. Die Verteidigung der Freiheit und das Problem des Totalitarismus, Ostfildern: Thorbecke Verlag 2008. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. La CIA a ainsi financé le Congrès pour la liberté de la culture, par lequel sont passés de nombreux intellectuels européens, au premier rang desquels Raymond Aron et Michel Crozier. ", Henrik Østergaard Breitenbauch, "ARON, RAYMOND" in Christopher John Murray (ed. By the 1950s, he had grown very critical of the Austrian School and described their obsession with private property as an "inverted Marxism". [8] Michel Crozier, Ma belle époque, Mémoires, Librairie Arthème Fayard , 2002. He is survived by his wife and two daughters, Dominique-Fran,coise Schnapper, a prominent sociologist, and Laurence. Raymond transforms lives by helping people tap into their own potential. Get REAL With Raymond Connect Directly With Raymond In His Fast Growing Accountability & Mentoring Facebook Group There's No Cost To Join Now: Popular; Comments; Tags; Debt - How You Got Into it and How You Can Get Out of It 30. ), Im Kampf gegen die modernen Tyranneien. In the field of international relations in the 1950s, Aron hypothesized that despite the advent of nuclear weapons, nations would still require conventional military forces. Mr. Aron was to remain at Le Figaro for 30 years, writing a regular political column that reflected his moderate conservative views and, a rare thing for French journalism in those days, taking a global approach to national problems. Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (French: [ʁɛmɔ̃ aʁɔ̃]; 14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist. [7] Raymond Aron, Mémoires, 50 ans de réflexion politique, Julliard, 1983. He cited as weaknesses of Western democracy the falling birth rates in Western Europe, an insuperable world economic crisis, the Soviet Union's growing military might, West Germany's increasingly ambiguous relationship with the United States and what he termed America's loss of faith in itself. Raymond Aron est né en 1905 à Paris. Finance Minister Jacques Delors described him as ''one of the greatest intellectuals of our time''; Culture Minister Jack Lang spoke of his ''rigorous thought'' and Claude Levi-Strauss, the anthropologist, called him ''our last sage.''. Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (French: [ʁɛmɔ̃ aʁɔ̃]; 14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist. Between 1924 and 1928 he attended L’Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, where he studied philosophy. [14] Aron took first place in the agrégation of philosophy in 1928, the year Sartre failed the same exam. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Raymond Aron (14 Mar 1905–17 Oct 1983), Find a Grave Memorial no. Il étudie au lycée Hoche à Versailles où il obtient son baccalauréat en 1922. A lifelong journalist, Aron in 1947 became an influential columnist for Le Figaro,[15] a position he held for thirty years until he joined L'Express, where he wrote a political column up to his death. A prolific author, he "wrote several thousand editorials and several hundred academic articles, essays, and comments, as well as about forty books",[21] which include: At the time, the ENS was part of the University of Paris according to the decree of 10 November 1903. Partly because of the unpopularity of his views with France's leftist academic establishment, Mr. Aron did not get a university post until 1955, when he was given the chair of sociology at the Sorbonne. But in addition to his journalism, he produced a steady flow of academic works until the very end of his life. Raymond Aron, Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1966), pp. Aron is also known for his lifelong friendship, sometimes fractious, with philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. He taught in France for several years and after the German invasion joined Charles de Gaulle in London, becoming editor of France Libre, the Free French newspaper. Thus, the CIA financed the Congress for Cultural Freedom in which many European intellectuals participated. He attained first place in the competitively fought … Aron died of a heart attack in Paris on 17 October 1983. Nov, -0001. The CIA itself was founded in 1947, with the purpose of protecting the world from the spread of communism. Believing that individual freedom is more important than social change, he was consistently critical of governments of all persuasions and suspicious of a strong state. Raymond attended school at the Lycée Hoche in Versailles and the Lycée Condorcet in Paris. Nov, -0001. Raymond transforms lives by helping people tap into their own potential. Start Getting Out of Debt Starting in the Next 15 Minutes 30. Raymond transforms lives by helping people tap into their own potential. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. In Europe, the CIA was particularly interested in and promoted the "Democratic Left" and ex-leftists, including Ignacio Silone, Stephen Spender, Arthur Koestler, Raymond Aron, Anthony Crosland, Michael Josselson, and George Orwell. In Peace and War, he set out a theory of international relations. A historian, sociologist, teacher and indefatigable political writer, Mr. Aron died at the height of his fame. Today, Raymond is helping people achieve greater wealth, branding, recognition, confidence, respect and … ''If I were to give in to my moods of despair,'' he wrote,'' I would say that all the causes I fought for have been put in question just when people accept that in most of my combats I was not wrong.''. Raymond Aron was born in Paris on 14 March 1905, the son of Suzanne and Gustav Aron, a professor of jurisprudence. Anti-Marxist French Philosopher Raymond Aron (left) and His Wife Suzanne on Vacation with Undercover CIA Operative Michael Josselson and Denis de Rougemont (right) An agnostic Jew, Mr. Aron studied in Germany before the war where he was influenced by the sociologist Max Weber and watched Goebbels burning books the Nazis had banned. Your Life. ), Stark, Joachim, Das unvollendete Abenteuer. "Sartre's Errors: A Discussion". In Europe, the CIA was particularly interested in and promoted the "Democratic Left" and ex-leftists, including Ignacio Silone, Stephen Spender, Arthur Koestler, Raymond Aron, Anthony Crosland, Michael Josselson, and George Orwell. See the article in its original context from. Our mission. L’Opération Mockingbird, lancée la même année 1948, vise à influencer l’opinion à travers une emprise aussi large que possible sur les médias. Raymond Aron has 126 books on Goodreads with 8025 ratings. Besides its spying activity, it funded cultural institutions and awards in the name of freedom of expression. But Aron had American taxpayer's money giving his magazine immunity to market imperatives (ironically enough) and allowing him to pay his writers better. Born in Paris, the son of a secular Jewish lawyer, Aron studied at the École Normale Supérieure, where he met Jean-Paul Sartre, who became his friend and lifelong intellectual opponent. After the publication of his memoirs this summer, many of those who had attacked him bitterly in the past as a reactionary praised this account of his life and of the development of his thinking. In Berlin, Aron witnessed the rise to power of the Nazi Party and developed an aversion to all totalitarian systems. He argues that Max Weber's claim that the state has a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force does not apply to the relationship between states. Raymond Aron, la dissuasion, la CIA et Gallois. Among the most distinguished ones were Raymond Aron and Michel Crozier. Raymond Aron, the editor of Preuves, had clashed with Sartre at the Ecole Normale Superieure, so it was very much a personal as well as an ideological battle for him. Famille. In Europe, the CIA was particularly interested in and promoted the “Democratic Left” and ex-leftists, including Ignacio Silone, Stephen Spender, Arthur Koestler, Raymond Aron, Anthony Crosland, Michael Josselson, and George Orwell. Pour compléter un aspect documentaire plutôt qu’anecdotique de notre “F&C” du 3 novembre 2007, nous vous présentons un extrait du livre de mémoires du général Pierre Gallois, Le sablier du siècle, L'Âge d'homme, édité à Lausanne en 1999. The CIA, under the prodding of Sidney Hook and Melvin Lasky, was instrumental in From 1955 to 1968, he taught at the Sorbonne, and after 1970 at the Collège de France as well as the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS). Critic Roger Kimball[6] suggests that Opium is "a seminal book of the twentieth century." Aron is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people; he argues that Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals in post-war France. Careers & Internships. When the war ended Aron returned to Paris to teach sociology at the École Nationale d'Administration and Sciences Po. Raymond Aron est issu d'une famille juive et d'un milieu plutôt aisé des deux côtés. By Paul Lewis, Special To the New York Times. When France was defeated, he left for London to join the Free French forces, editing the newspaper, France Libre (Free France). Recordemos que la expresión «relaciones internacionales» In 1953, he befriended the young American philosopher Allan Bloom, who was teaching at the Sorbonne. "[10], Aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. Raymond Aron, dans ses Mémoires, affirme qu'il ignorait bien le financement par la CIA de Preuves, mais n'en défend pas moins cette opération. with Andre Glucksman and Benny Levy. The CIA covertly funded anti-communist ventures, such as the magazine Preuves, in which supporters of pro-U.S. policies, including philosopher Raymond Aron, frequently published essays. 7363, citing Cimetière de Montparnasse, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Il rappelle la liberté dont bénéficiait les intellectuels du Congrès et oppose le Congrès à l'obéissance des intellectuels manipulés par l'Union soviétique comme Frédéric Joliot-Curie . Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (n. 14 martie 1905 , [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] Paris , Franța [17] – d. 17 octombrie 1983 , [5] [18] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [19] [13] [20] [15] Paris , Franța [21] ) a fost un filosof, sociolog și politolog evreu francez. The CIA and the Cultural Cold War (2000) 4 l’historienne britannique Frances Stonor Saunders détaille la guerre psychologique menée par la CIA sur le flanc gauche de la société occidentale d’après-guerre. The country's Socialist Government, whose policies he had both criticized and applauded, called him '' a great university teacher.'' Your talent. RAMYMOND ARON, FRENCH POLITICAL THINKER, IS DEAD, Paul Lewis, Special To the New York Times. This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in 1996. Aron is the author of books on Karl Marx and on Carl von Clausewitz. He is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals , the title of which inverts Karl Marx 's claim that religion was the opium of the people – Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the … In 1977, Mr. Aron left Le Figaro rather than allow the newspaper's new owner, Robert Hersant, who made no secret of his strong right-wing views, edit his columns. Oppermann, Matthias (Ed. Revista de Occidente, Madrid, 1963, 918 págs. He joined the weekly news magazine L'Express, for which he wrote a regular political column until his death. Europe. Raymond Claude Ferdinand [1] Aron dit Raymond Aron, né le 14 mars 1905 à Paris 6e et mort le 17 octobre 1983 dans la même ville, est un philosophe, sociologue, politologue, historien et journaliste français.. D'abord ami et condisciple de Jean-Paul Sartre et Paul Nizan à l'École normale supérieure, il devient, lors de la montée des totalitarismes, un ardent promoteur du … Although his journalistic style and the force of his thought commanded attention, Mr. Aron was vilified for a long time for his right-wing views by France's generally left-wing intelligentsia. Puis il entre en Khâgne au lycée Condorcet à Paris en octobre 1922 jusqu'en 1924. The usefulness of such forces would be made necessary by what he called a "nuclear taboo."[20]. Culture was an area in which the oppressive nature of Soviet communism could be contrasted with the freedom and vitality of the West. Citing the breadth and quality of Aron's writings, historian James R. Garland suggests, "Though he may be little known in America, Raymond Aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of French intellectualism for much of the twentieth century."[11]. [9] Manifeste du Club Jean Moulin, L’État et le citoyen, Seuil, 1961. He graduated from the elite Ecole Normale Superieure at the top of his class, one year ahead of the leftist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, with whom he was to have a stormy relationship throughout his life. Après des études de philosophie à l’École normale supérieure et l’obtention de son agrégation, Raymond Aron part étudier en Allemagne dans les années 30. [8], As a voice of moderation in politics,[9] Aron had many disciples on both the political left and right, but he remarked that he personally was "more of a left-wing Aronian than a right-wing one. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1960. 17.99% APR. Oppermann, Matthias, Raymond Aron und Deutschland. Raymond Aron was born in Paris in 1905 into a family of Jewish lawyers. [18] Aron always promoted an "immoderately moderate" form of liberalism which accepted a mixed economy as the normal economic model of the age.[19]. The son of a Jewish jurist, Aron obtained his doctorate in 1930 from the École Normale Supérieure with a thesis on the philosophy of history. Mr. Aron carved out a special position for himself in French intellectual life, seldom imitated in the English- speaking world, writing an influential political column in the press at the same time as he engaged in academic work, publishing books on history, sociology and political philosophy and lecturing widely in France and the United States. Long Vilified for His Views. La CIA commence à recruter des agences de presse et des journalistes, qui deviendront autant de pions à son service, dans deux buts : d’une part l’espionnage et le contrôle de confrères et d’autre part, la diffusion de propagande anticommuniste. Learn more about Careers Opportunities at CIA. But he took a consistently anti-Communist line, denouncing the suppression of personal freedom in the Soviet Union and its allies and calling Communism in one famous polemic, published in 1951, ''The Opium of Intellectuals. The book concludes on a sober note, with Mr. Aron saying he could see no ground for optimism about the future of the world.